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GUIDE TO DRIVE A CAR IN ONTARIO

 DRIVING IN THE CANADIAN WINTER

 

The following are some basic recommendations to be taken into account when you drive a car in the Canadian winter.

 

Winter Tires This type of tires have a special grooves and drawing that offers more grip to the floor and the rubber is softer at low temperature (-0 to -30C) than the rubber of normal tires.  These two factors improve braking conditions in a car on surfaces covered with snow or ice, and thus, your personal safety is also improved. 

 

RECOMMENDATION:

 

Use the right “winter tires”, especially if you live in an area where the roads are covered with snow in winter. Even thought many Canadian drivers use "all-season" tires, for new drivers it is safer to use winter tires with rather low pressure (20 to 25 psi) to increase adherence to the surface. Normal or "all-season" tires do not offer the same adherence at low temperatures below 0C that winter tires.

 

Once the winter is over, change winter tires for normal tires, (keep them in sealed bags, in a fresh and dark place) to avoid wear with heat in spring and summer.

 

 

● Windshield Liquid Always maintain the deposit full. Never use tap water because it will freeze and will obstruct the conducts. In winter always carry a gallon with extra liquid. The use of this liquid is vital when you are driving and starts snowing, especially in highways, since this is the only way of cleaning the windshield and see the highway. 

 

WITHOUT THIS LIQUID, YOU WILL NOT BE ABLE TO DRIVE WHEN IT IS SNOWING  

 

Snow and Car’s weight. Snow at the roof and other parts of the car shall increase the weight of the car and the resistance to the air (aerodynamics) these factors shall increase normal gasoline consumption. Thus, it is recommended for economy and safety reasons, to always clean the snow from the car before driving.

 

Fuel Consumption.  In the cold winter, fuel consumption of the car is higher than in the summer, especially during the first minutes, when the engine needs normal temperature to function. Thus, it is recommendable to program your route and avoid using the car for short stretches.

 

● Heating of the Car.  With modern controls and fuel-injected engines, there is no need of heating up cars for long periods, even during winter.  Contrary to the popular belief, a car needs only 30 seconds to heat the engine up and be ready to run. The better way of heating a car is by driving it in a highway, because not only the engine needs to be warmed up, but also the tires and transmission.  Although it is advisable to take a highway as soon as possible, it is better if the car runs 4 or 5 km before entering into a highway.

 

● DISTANCE. In winter, which is more important in highways is users safety. When it is snowing, speed is decreased and separation between vehicles has to be longer, in order to let drivers to safely brake and stop.

 

IMPORTANT

 

To put the engine on, and let it worm without moving the car (idling) is PROHIBITED (NOT ALLOWED) in some parts of Canada, since fuel is burnt and air is polluted with no reason at all. If you are found “warming the car” or parked with engine turn on you will be fined for idling. As a general rule, if you have to stop for more than 10 seconds, turn off the engine (except in traffic)

 

- CAR MAINTENANCE

 

Daily, weekly, monthly and by kilometre maintenance of each car varies according to design, brand and model of the car. If you buy a new car, ask for the User’s Manual of the car.

 

If you buy a used car with no manual, you can buy one at especial stores, like for example, Canadian Tire, which you may find all over Ontario. There you will find the maintenance manuals for most of the cars marketed in Canada.  It is always a good idea to have the maintenance manual of the car to follow maintenance instructions and know parts of the car.

 

 To learn about related aspects of your car maintenance, see the site Natural Resources Canada, where you will find very useful information on this subject.

 

IMPORTANT !

    

To read more information about this topic, we recommend to  PURCHASE THE FULL VERSION OF OUR E-BOOK

 

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THIS FREE INFORMATION IS ONLY TEMPORARY !

 

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