LOOKING FOR A JOB
SEARCH / METHODS IN CANADA
When you are admitted as a Skilled Worker and
entitled your Permanent Resident Visa, the Canadian government
expects that you arrive, get a good job, and contribute your
experience to the development of the country. However, achieving
that goal is not so easy, at least in the beginning, especially
when one doesn’t know the path to follow, and the correct course
of actions to undertake. It is also difficult to find a good job
if the newcomer doesn’t count on some timely advice, and proper
suggestions to start his/her path in the correct direction
This chapter was written to help you in your goal to find a
job in Canada, and it is part of THE PLAN described in Chapter 8, which this
book suggests to follow in the best way, to achieve your job, psychological,
and financial stability in your new country. In this chapter I will describe
the most common job search techniques, the recommended actions to undertake
and a broad collection of recruitment companies, agencies and organizations
you may find useful
Finding a good job in Canada is the base of your and your
family’s welfare state. Your lifestyle will depend, to a great extent, on
the type of job you find and the salary earned. On the other hand, a good
job according to your personal expectations, experience and education will
be the key to your sense of achievement or frustration in your new life,
both for you and for your family members.
Just finding “a job” isn’t enough – what is important is to
find and achieve A GOOD JOB. May you find a job with a decent salary, where
you use your own knowledge and experience, where you can learn the Canadian
way of working, where you can improve your command of the technical English
in connection with your specialisation. In other words, a job allowing you
for a good economical position and a sound professional development in
To achieve this goal we recommend you to study every point developed in this
book in detail, especially the actions recommended in THE PLAN – Chapter 15.
The most important part for you in your immigration project is to get ready,
look for, and find A GOOD JOB, focusing all your effort on it, and undertake
the recommended actions as best as possible.
Many people come to Canada trying to find a job. Most of them are immigrants
from many different parts of the world with a good command of English and a
broad job experience. Others were born in Canada, with a Canadian education
and experience and no language constrains. The latter, moreover, count on
the training and the support of the government for them to enter again the
Being a newcomer, it is just logical feeling as the last in the queue. The
good piece of news is that you can also get trained and learn the necessary
techniques in job search. The key for a newcomer is to get rained in these
techniques and be competitive, not only in his /her profession or craft, but
also in those techniques, including aspects such as resume and cover letter
writing, interview practice, job search in the hidden market, etc.
JOB SEARCH TRAINING COURSES
take a good training course for skilled workers newcomers
is a basic key in the PLAN
to get a good job. After you finish them, you will be able to
face your job search with more confidence and competence. You
should do them as soon as you arrive in Canada, when you have
the necessary time to learn. The recommended courses are for
professionals and skilled workers, and they are the best way to
learn the Canadian way of looking for a job, with the customised
assistance of qualified staff. Moreover, they will be useful in
the future as well, when you may need to look for a job again.
Those courses may take a day, several days or weeks or even
months. They focus on educated and experienced newcomers or people who look
for a job and are supported by the Federal or Provincial or by the
Municipal Government in Toronto. They aim at training participants in
suitable job search techniques.
The advantages of taking those courses are many, especially
● They will help you determine what your transferable
technical and job skills are, according to the Canadian job market.
● With the help of experts, you will find the bests way of
writing your resume, scripts, cover letters, thanks letters, etc. According
to the Canadian parameters.
● You will meet people from different cultures and countries
in a similar situation to yours in connection with your expectations and
hope. At the same time you will understand that the stage of looking for a
job in Canada is just normal within the immigration process to this country
and that it is very much the same for thousands of professionals and skilled
workers who arrive in Canada every year to settle down.
● You will have the opportunity to get trained in facing
INTERVIEWS with personnel who will advice you regarding vocabulary, body
language, techniques, speech, possible questions according to your
specialisation, etc. For you to be ready for a real interview and improve
your possibilities to get the job.
● It’s the best opportunity to improve your listening,
writing, and speaking skills in English. Moreover, you will have the
opportunity to speak before an audience, among people who will support to
● During those courses and some weeks after, you will have
the opportunity to count with the permanent advice of people who know on the
subject and you will also have free access to the use of a computer,
INTERNET books, newspapers, telephone, etc, apart from receiving printed
materials about that valuable course.
● You will be busy, which will prevent you from worrying too
much for not having a job or an income, which you may have not experience
since long ago. At the same time, the course will help you improve your
command of English and increase your self-confidence.
Depending on the duration of every course, the student will learn and
practice some interview techniques, which are in the end, the key to getting
There are different courses, 1 day long, 3 days, 1 week, 2 weeks and even 2
The most advisable courses for
newcomers (professionals and skilled workers) in Canada, are the ones longer
than 3 weeks, in the following organisations:
● SKILLS FOR CHANGE OF
791 St. Clair Avenue West
Toronto, Ontario M6C 1B7
Mentoring for Employment
Program (International Trained Professional Newcomers)
Information Line 416.658.7090
Toronto Central (Bathurst St-College St)
Employment Programs for
Newcomers and Internationally Trained Individuals
Address: 100 Lippincott St, Toronto, ON,
Office Phone: 416-922-6688
● NOW PROGRAM -(The Newcomer Opportunities for Work)
Address: 777 Bloor Street West – Room 120 - Toronto Ontario, M6G 1L6
Tel: (416) 393-0350
● ADULT LEARNING CENTRE
Curso: JOB OPTIONS BASIC SKILLS (JOBS)
(Job search assistance to job seekers with literacy and English
Address: 2944 Danforth Avenue – Room 32 -Toronto, Ontario
Tel: (416) 686 – 8426
It may be necessary to produce evidence of your level of English
for some of these courses. It may be the TOEFL (minimum
173/300), or a Certificate from the Canadian Language Benchmark
Assessment – CLBA with minimum marks of 6 in all categories, or
having finished the LINC Program, or the Advanced Level, courses
7, 8, or 9 of ESL.
Other short courses in the city of Toronto are taught in the following
Welcome Centre – Immigrant Services
9100 Jane St - Building H - Vaughan, ON ( Intersection
Rutherford Rd - Julliard Dr)
View MapQuest Map
● KENNEDY EMPLOYMENT RESOURCE CENTRE
Curso: JOB SHOP for FOREIGN TRAINED PROFESSIONALS
(A one week intensive program on Canadian Employment Techniques – for
Web Site: www.tcet.com/ercs
Address: 2425 Eglinton Avenue East, Suite 300 –Scarborough - Ontario
Tel: (416) 285-9180
● LAWRENCE SQUARE EMPLOYMENT RESOURCE CENTRE
Address: 700 Lawrence Ave. West, Suite 435 (In Lawrence Square Shopping
North York, Ontario
● SAINT CLAIR WEST EMPLOYMENT RESOURCE CENTRE
Address: 1345 St. Clair Ave. W, 2nd floor
● DUFFERIN MALL EMPLOYMENT RESOURCE CENTRE
Address: 900 Dufferin Street, Suite 101, Toronto, Ontario
Web Site: dufferin-erc.cnd.com
● CHESSWOOD EMPLOYMENT RESOURCE CENTRE
Address: 3701 Chesswood Drive, Suite #100
Tel 416 – 395 – 42 80
North York, Ontario
Para obtener más información, consulte
HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT CANADA y
el TORONTO DISTRICT SCHOOL BOARD
JOB SEARCH METHODS IN CANADA
The methods used
for job searches in Canada by newcomer professionals and skilled workers
● NEWSPAPER AND
● THROUGH RELATIVES
AND ACQUAINTANCES – NETWORKING
From the vacant
jobs the may exist in a field, it is estimated that at least 75% are not
announced in mass media such as newspapers, Internet, etc. In other words,
when you look for a job in the newspapers, on Internet, or via employment
agencies you may be covering just a 25% of the total amount of possible jobs
available. Those types of jobs that are never advertised in mass media are
known as the hidden job market.
WHERE TO SEARCH
total amount of Vacancies)
(Newspapers, Internet, etc)
5% - 10%
10 % - 20 %
(Visiting, Phoning, Writing)
5% - 15%
personal contact with friends, acquaintances, etc
60% - 90%
SEARCH IN THE ADVERTISED JOB MARKET
This is the
traditional search in newspapers, specialised web sites and employment
/recruitment agencies. They are the most common ways of looking for a job
among newcomers to Canada. You will find announcements asking for personnel
at different levels and occupations.
The problem is
that, as they are used for so many people, the possibilities are minimum,
because of the great amount of responses an announcement may get. Even
having a good résumé, meeting the requirements and with a well written COVER
LETTER, the possibilities of being called to an interview are low, usually
between 5% and a 10%. In other words, in the best of cases you will have to
send between 10 and 20 resumes to newspaper announcements or internet
web sites to get at least one interview.
The other negative
aspect is that just between a 5% and a 10% of the job market is announced by
those means (newspapers, internet, etc.). Moreover, the best positions,
whichever may be your idea of “best”, are not usually announced in
newspapers or Internet.
The positive thing
is that by means of Internet, you can look for a job and have many
opportunities. For example, apart from looking for those positions in
newspapers and job portals, you can easily reach a great amount of
EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES and the MAIN COMPANIES web sites, where you can apply
for the existing vacancies or send your résumé offering your job services.
correct use of Internet, you may have access to hundreds of
company web sites in Canada, which may be in the need for
employees in your field and specialisation. With them, you will
increase considerably the probability of an interview and the
possibility to get a job in your field.
is to search, look for a job in the greatest number possible of
places. Also bare in mind the possibility to apply in companies
in areas different from Toronto, in small cities in Ontario,
where the job market may be less competitive and you have more
possibilities. Ten cost of life, especially housing, is less
costly far from the great Canadian cities.
SEARCH IN THE HIDDEN
More 80% of all the
job positions are met without announcements in mass media. Those are the
ones fulfilled, and sometimes created for, candidates who employers know
through the contact with the applicant, by recommendations by other
employees, recruitment agencies, or somebody who is close to the employer
and knows a possible good candidate.
To get a job in
this hidden market, the candidate doesn’t need to know the employer. It is
just necessary to be recommended by somebody who knows the
The net of all
these people who may facilitate this goal is known as NETWORKING. In
other words, it is all about having contacts who may be in contact with the
employers’ contacts. NETWORKING is the key to a job in the Hidden Job
Market, where most available jobs are.
How to Reach
the Hidden Job Market.
The main tested techniques by experience of many people are
The entrance to the
Hidden Job Market may be via a phone call, an email, chatting with a
neighbour, the encounter with a person of your same country in the bus, or
the visit to an acquaintance. Your contacts and those you reach through
their contacts may help you to know about the positions, projects or needs
the will never be announced in news papers or on the Internet.
Don’t undermine any possibility, you never
know where the key information to get a job will come from.
In life, you never know where the next surprise – good or
bad – will come from.
As explained above,
NETWORKING is the net of people who know you and may be in contact with the
contacts of your possible employers. NETWORKING is the key to find a job in
the Hidden Job Market and it’s also the most effective way – and the less
stressing – of getting a job.
As a newcomer, you
will have to start your own NETWORKING. That is a disadvantage of those who
start a new life in Canada. In a job search it is an advantage that the
Canadian and the veteran immigrants already have, with their relatives, a
local job experience and their Canadian education.
The lack of a
NETWORKING, the lack of Canadian job experience and some communication
problems are the
greatest initial disadvantages
that make it difficult to get a job in Canada for professionals and
NETWORKING is a
powerful tool to build relationships in your profession. According to a
report by the Wall Street Journal in 2004, the 94% of successful employees
reported to have got their jobs thanks to NETWORKING.
NETWORKING must be built daily, constantly. It is really important to meet a
lot of people, especially among the ones speaking your own language and
those related to your same job field. You must make it know to everyone that
you’re looking for a job, and bout your experience, profession, and
specifically what you are looking for. Give the most accurate information as
possible, for your acquaintances to be aware of it and be able to give you
As many of us have
been newcomers and have went through the same initial stages on our arrival
in Canada, it is just normal to find some help and valuable advise from
other people. That is a solidarity ring where those who have received
valuable assistance in the past will pass it on to you, and then you will
eventually pass it on to the following newcomers. PEOPLE ARE HAPPY WHEN THEY
CAN HELP OTHERS.
HOW TO START YOUR NETWORKING
● Make contact with
and take part in organisations of your interest, such as church, sports,
culture academic, people from your country of origin, etc.
● Try to meet as
much as people as possible. Be friendly, sincere and kind.
● Don’t miss the
opportunity to meet new people and talk to them. For example your
neighbours, in the shops, the gym, doctor’s office, etc., and even with
people you don’t know (shop attendants, in the bus, bureau, etc.) Sometimes,
the important help or the key data for a job come from the person you expect
● Enrol on English
and training courses.
TECHNIQUES TO IMPROVE YOUR NETWORKING
The techniques used
to make people know who you are and that you have the possibility to be
Commercial Personal o Script
You can do them on your computer and then print them on a suitable paper.
Basically, they must contain abridged information on the position you want
to achieve, your experience, the type of industry, academic level, and main
skills, along with any other relevant information. See the following example
of a personal card for somebody who is looking for a job:
♦ Over 6 years experience as Mould Designer and
plastic products for automotive and appliance companies.
♦ Strong mechanical engineering background with
expertise in design and development of new products.
♦ Excellent knowledge of mechanical design using
Autocad 2006, Mechanical Desktop and Solid Works.
♦ Technical expertise in solving production
problems related to design engineering and machining process.
card is just an example to be used as a reference. Don’t forget to write
your own 3 or 4 personal abilities (soft skills). Make sure the card
presentation is impeccable.
ADVERTISEMENT OR SCRIPT)
It’s a brief
account of your education and experience (background) you should write it in
order to offer your services to possible employers or to tell the people you
know in your networking. It has two main aims. The first one is to raise
interest in your abilities and experience, and secondly, it will help you
show your communication skills in English.
summary should contain the main points you want to make. If your education
is not to remarkable, focus on your experience. If you lack of experience,
put the emphasis on your education and personal abilities. A PERSONAL
ADVERTISEMENT or SCRIPT must contain the following information:
● A few starting
words describing your job objective
● A brief
Experience (in the field)
● Any achievement remarkable in your
● Mention of the
field of your interest.
is an example of SCRIP:
COMERCIAL DE 20 SEGUNDOS O SCRIPT (ejemplo)
SERGIO MARTÍNEZ -
I have several year in design of product and mechanical design.
I have worked in different industries as automotive parts,
domestic appliances and metal machining products.
I have a bachellor degree as Mechanical Engineer. I am expert in
detailing and mechanical design using Autocad, Mechanical
desktop and Solid Works. I have worked with different
interstational quality standards applied to products and
materials as ASTM, UL, AISI, CSA and ISO 9000.
I my last job in
Group SEB-Colombia, a global appliance company, I worked in
design and development of new products, from the initial concept
to the finished product, in close cooperation with another
departments. I was responsible for the engineering CAD drawings,
prototypes, material technical specifications, GD&T, dimensional
accuracy, correct drafting procedures, bill of materials, cost
of raw materials and implementation of appropriates
manufacturing process. I worked in design and development of
more 20 new small appliances as domestic irons, fans, blenders,
food processor, washer machines and mixers.
I have proved
capacity to convert ideas and concepts in exact engineering
drawings, Using Autocad, Mechanical Desktop or Solid Works. I am
a mechanical inclined person, with great capacity spatial to
visualize forms and designs.
On the other hand I
have long experience as Mould Designer for injection plastic
parts, in automotive industries. I have excellent knowledge of
programming, set up and running of CNC machines, I also have a
very good knowledge and experience working with dies, tool and
general machines shop equipment, lathes, milling machines,
welders, surface grinders and EDM equipment.
I am fast learner, adaptable, team working, responsible,
dedicated and resourceful person. My native language is Spanish.
I am interested currently in furthering my career in Canada as
Mechanical Designer o Product Engineer in a company where I
could use my education and experience.
Once you have set
your script. Read it and practice it the necessary times until you know it
by heart and are able to express it naturally. This way you will make the
best impression, regarding your level of English.
Bare in mind that
this script is the one you will have to repeat many times in your job
interviews, and your basic tool to persuade the employer. Being employed or
not may well depend on your good script writing and practice.
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