LOOK FOR A JOB
PLAN IN CANADA
Once you have settled down in Ontario
or in any Canadian province, you have 2 alternatives to start defining your
- ALTERNATIVE #1.
your Job Search.
This first option is only advisable if you have a sound
education and technical experience, and also a suitable level of English.
If this is your case, you may decide that you are ready to face a job
In this case you should start you course of action by
enrolling on a Job Search Course (see section 17.2 – Training Courses for
Newcomers), an English course to improve your level and, at the same time,
do the necessary errands to get your certification or professional license.
Having your transferable skills,
abilities, experience, and job profile well defined will allow you to face the job search process
Start a Specialisation, Upgrade or
You should consider this option if you found out that you
are not updated enough when you assessed your technical knowledge, skills,
and experience, or if they are nor transferable to the Canadian job market.
In this case, it is highly recommended to find a
university, college or technical educational institution offering programs
or specialisation in your career and that accepts your academic
credentials. You may also start training in any area of your interest. This
is an alternative if you owe the funds or the economical support to pay for
those courses of studies and get by in the meantime. Another good
possibility is to get an educational loan from the
Your economical and
job future in Canada
may depend on the decision you make at this stage.
Experience has shown that the best
decision for a professional or skilled worker to get a good job and professional position is to start a
specialisation in your area of interest or a technical training course in
a university, college, or technical institution. The benefits are
will improve you command of English to a great extent.
will get a Canadian diploma
or certificate, easily recognised in the job market and will add
credibility to your education
3. It will
facilitate your process of professional or occupation certification.
will count on the support of your University, College or Technical l
Institution for job searches and internships.
will enhance your NETWORK to a great extent.
STUDYING IN CANADA
AND GETTING A DIPLOMA OR CERTIFICATE IS THE BEST
WAY TO GET A PROFESSIONAL JOB.
START TO GO ON YOUR ENGLISH LANGUAGE
If you consider that you know enough English, do courses
to improve you English accent and expand your vocabulary. There is always a
way to improve a second language.
TAKE THE BEST
COURSE TO LEARN TO LOOK FOR A JOB
Newcomers need to be competitive not only in their
profession, but also in their job
search techniques, which includes aspects like resume /cover letter
preparation, interview practice, hidden job market searches, etc. There are
several courses where you can learn job search techniques, taught by
qualified personnel and focused on
the educated and experience newcomer ’s needs. It is very important for
you to enrol on a good course and learn these techniques, with the
assistance and advice of experienced and qualified people.
The courses for newcomers or for those who look for a
job are supported by the Federal, Provincial Government or by the city of Toronto,
and their aim is to help them enter the job market. There are different
courses, of different duration and depth: some take just a few days, and
others may imply several days or weeks.
You should take the best
course possible to learn how to get a job in Canada.
The best ones are those for foreign Skilled workers and Professionals
taking several weeks. Some of them
will help you do an internship or co-op.
The courses we recommend (of more
than two weeks), are taught at the following organisations:
● SKILLS FOR CHANGE OF METRO
Employment Program (International Trained Professional Newcomers)
791 St. Clair Avenue
West, Toronto, Ontario
Programs for Newcomers and Internationally Trained Individuals
: 100 Lippincott St, Toronto,
ON, M5S 2P1 Toronto
Central (Bathurst St-College St)
● NOW PROGRAM (The
Newcomer Opportunities for Work)
Bloor Street West –Room 120 –
Tel (416) 393-0350
ADULT LEARNING CENTRE
Curso: JOB OPTIONS BASIC SKILLS (JOBS)
assistance to job seekers with literacy and English difficulties)
Danforth Avenue – Room 32 –Toronto,
Tel (416) 686 – 8426
one of the recommended courses is PRIORITY ONE in
your plan to get a good job. After the course you will be able to
face your job search more confidently and competitively. You must do it in
the first days on your arrival, that is to say, when you have more time
to attend. The courses recommended for skilled workers and professionals
are the best way to learn the Canadian way of looking for a job, with the
personalised assistance of qualified personnel. Moreover, they will also
be useful in the future, when you may need to look for another job.
To learn more about these
courses, see the section "Training Courses for Newcomers
● ACADEMIC CREDENTIALS ASSESSMENT
Professionals and skilled workers need, in most cases,
an assessment of the level and content of their courses of studies (in
their own countries) for them to be recognised and validated in Canada.
The credentials assessment (certificates, diplomas or academic degrees) is
performed for Job, Academic, Professional License or Immigration purposes.
It is essential to get the necessary recognition of your profession and be
admitted into the professional organisations.
In order to
do that, the first step is to have your educational certifications and
degrees translated by a certified Translator. To get one in Ontario,
you can contact the
of Interpreters and Translators of Ontario.
Verify which the professional or
academic organisation that will recognise your titles and certifications, before you start your
some of the organisations assessing academic credentials for job or
COMPARATIVE EDUCATION SERVICE
Canadian Information Centre for
International Credentials – CICIC.
This institution assists people who
want to know how the evaluation process to apply for the recognition of
professional credentials is.
GET TECHNICALLY TRAINED AND UPGRADED (Canadian Market)
The government of Ontario
supports economically special projects for foreign professionals from
different areas who come to live to Canada.
Their aim is to assist them in their job and professional settlement. Some
programs include the necessary training leading to the professional
licensing in Ontario.
For further information, consult
DOORS for INTERNATIONALLY TRAINED INDIVIDUALS
MAKE YOUR JOB SEARCH A FULL TIME JOB
decide to start looking for a job in your area, you must devote yourself
full time to the preparation and search for a good job.
stated in previous paragraphs, the prime priority of your arrival is to get
a good job. Just finding “a job” isn’t enough, what is important is to get
A GOOD JOB. A job where you could have a decent salary, where you are able to use your knowledge
and experience, where you can learn the Canadian
way of working, where you will be improving
your command of Technical English
related to your field. And to
get a “good” job (at least with a
medium salary, see Chap. # 7 – (MEDIUM SALARY JOBS) you will need to get ready and wait for this
opportunity to arise.
skilled and professional newcomers who arrive in Canada
with no knowledge of the environment, are usually advised by other
immigrants. Many may have come without a good preparation or education and
have survived form job to job, unable neither to exert their profession nor
to enter the job market successfully. What they learn is how to repeat the
same mistakes with different elements, which eventually leads them to get
and keep low paid jobs, below their capacities and expectations, with a
permanent frustration deep inside.
Big Canadian cities are full of people who could never
start working in the fields they were trained for in their own countries. To
compensate their low salaries, these people have can only resort to having
more than one job, and a lot of restrictions. From them, newcomers also
learn the general idea and the fear that “things are not easy in Canada”...
and it is actually not the case. Unless you lack the necessary preparation.
DON’T ACCEPT THE FIRST JOB YOU ARE
OFFERED, IF IT IS NOT RELATED TO YOUR FIELD AND THIS JOB WILL TAKE UP
MOST DAYLIGHT HOURS
newcomers are lead by the fear, uneasiness and anxiety passed to them from
other immigrants who have hardly survived in Canada
or years. As a result, next week, they usually accept the job they are
offered “to make sure”, any occupation with a low salary. For example in
Wendy’s, Mc Donald’s, Tim Hortons, cleaning companies or as workers in
manufacturing companies and industries. That is the way of “making sure” of
staying for ever in a difficult and uncertain environment.
main reasons for not taking a full time job as soon as a newcomer arrives
You will lose the opportunity to get trained in
job search techniques,
taught to newcomers and
useful in the future when you need to look for a job again
You will lose the opportunity to study English
and then start working from a better level. Once you
are busy with your job it will be more difficult to study, due to time
constrains. In the courses for newcomers, it is quite often to find people
who have lived and worked for 10 years or more in Canada,
who haven’t had the time to take those courses just because they have been
working since their arrival.
You will be busy during the day,
which will stop you from the possibility to look for a
“good job”. This limitation will prevent
you from finding good opportunities in your field, with a higher salary,
the opportunity to attend interviews, send lots of resumes, deal with
recruitments, attend job fairs, etc.
You will be more and more busy. Before the possibility of a low salary and increasing expenditure (car,
car insurance, rent, utilities, etc.), the most probable resort is to get a
second job to support those financial responsibilities.
IMPORTANT: To get
a decent job or a job position in your field, you need to get rained and
devote full time, with all your energies to your job search. According to
statistics, newcomer skilled workers spend an average of 5 or 6 months to get a job in their
NOTE: That is the reason why, based on the statistics above
mentioned, the Canadian Government DEMANDS you as a requirement to give you
the Permanent Resident Visa to prove that you owe the funds to support you
and your family in Canada for 6 months
but what can you do if, for any reason, you need urgently to work and get
some funds and not use up the savings you brought from your country?
In this case, the best thing to do is to get a
job with suitable working hours
(after 4 PM or at night, or at weekends), which will allow you to devote
the daylight hours to training and job search in your field.
The most common jobs you may get
at those times will be in restaurants, fast food or pizza restaurants,
banquet halls, hotels, some manufacturing companies having afternoon and
night shifts, casinos, discos, etc.
is a good alternative for engineers, architects, and professionals related
to industry to look for a job in their field in medium technical positions,
as inspectors, laboratorists, metrologists, quality control agents, etc. In
these cases there are afternoon /night shifts that will allow you to have
spare time in the mornings, and you will meet people related to that field
at the same time, as you acquire some experience in Canada.
To see how you should write your resume with a technical profile to get one
of those positions, see Section FUNCTIONAL RESUME.
our own experience, we have seen that newcomer professionals and skilled
workers to whom getting a job takes most (5-7 months), are the ones who get the best positions in the end, compared to
other immigrants who get employed in a shorter term. There may be a number
They are more selective.
When somebody is self-assured of his /her own personal skills, has a good
command of English, and counts on enough resources, he / she has the aim to
look for positions that keep up to their educational level and experience,
which usually takes more time.
They will know the job market in a better way.
They will start with a higher level of English. After 4 or
more months immerse in the Canadian environment and studying the language
with devotion, the level of English improves to a great extent, especially
in listening comprehension and conversation.
They will be more skilful,
both in job search techniques and in the knowledge of the job market
itself. Moreover, after several interviews, they get more confident to sell
their own personal and professional image.
They will already have a network. The best way to get a professional job is meeting
lots of people, especially in the same job field.
They have more possibilities.
It is just normal that
after the three first months you have sent 100 or more resumes to
companies, recruitment, classified ads, etc. and still have a whole lot of
outstanding places where to send your resume. The more people know you
“exist” in Canada,
the higher you opportunities will be.
A factor that
influences newcomers negatively leading them to take non-qualified jobs
in different fields than his /hers, is the pressure, not intentional but
psychologically strong, on the part of relatives. In every phone call
with family and friends from the country of origin, after greeting
everyone, it is very common to hear the question: “and have you already
got a job??”. For them, from the distance, their desire and worry
(besides, positive) is that you start working soon.
This same question
time after time every week, from different people, will make you uneasy
and doubtful about your personal situation. And it is more probable that,
if you are not psychologically ready, that they make you decide to get
employed in any type of job, which will limit your future in the long
Note: The concept of immigrant people have in many
countries is based on the idea of the immigrant to the USA. However, this is not the same. As in the
USA most newcomers don’t
have an immigrant visa, or are non
qualified workers, immigration in Canada
is an organised selective process,
in the case of skilled workers. In USA, it is very difficult for those who
have neither a visa, nor qualifications or the assistance of the
government, to get some training or to seek for help to get a decent job,
so they resort to getting a non-qualified job in the first place they find
it, which stops them from being selective and improving their command of
English. It is because our friends and relatives know this reality that
they suppose that it is all vital that you start working immediately.
that what is important is to get a job in your field, not a
job in the fields. Don’t allow what is URGENT to take you
the time you need to do what is IMPORTANT.
● EXPAND YOUR NETWORK
is the web of people who know you and who could be in contact with the
contacts of possible employers. NETWORKING is the key to get a job in the hidden job market, that is
to say, in those job positions in companies and organisations that are never
advertised in mass media. Estimates show that a 75% of available positions
in an area are never advertised in newspapers or Internet.
The lack of
a NETWORK is a disadvantage of all those who start a new life in Canada.
You should start building your own networking, meeting more people,
enrolling on courses and diverse activities, knowing your community and
joining sport, cultural, or professional groups, etc.
In a job
search, a NETWORK is an advantage for both the Canadian and the veteran
immigrants, most probably educated here, with relatives and local experience.
information regarding this subject in Chapter 7.6.3 NETWORKING
RECRUITMENTS AND HEADHUNTERS
Recruitments and Head-hunters can be
of great help in your job search, especially if you have a sound education
and a broad experience in certain specific field. Recruitment agencies are
private companies that find and select people to work in other companies.
They provide them with different classes of services such as temporary or
permanent workers, employees in different areas, and with different skills,
and other qualified members of staff.
Some specialise in recruiting
personnel in certain specific fields, such as technology, computers,
communications, engineering, oil, or accounts.
The best way to start your
relationship with them starts by the agency’s assessment of your resume and
skills and, according with your job profile, they will try to place you in
a company on temporal or permanent bases, for a commission or a minimum
percentage of your salary (that is paid to the agency by the company). The
advantage is that these recruitment companies know the “hidden job market”,
those positions that are not advertised neither in newspapers not in any
other media. Moreover, most of the time, companies resort to recruitments
to get highly qualified skilled workers or professionals who suit certain
requirements, and then pay for agencies to make a selection for them. The
company who will pay makes the final choice of the new employee among a few
candidates the agency refers.
For that reason, it is a good idea
to contact those recruitments face to face, for them to take your RESUME
into account. Moreover, the interviews with them, will help you to improve
your communication skills and performance little by little.
Once you are registered with an
agency, you must call quite often to know what jobs are available and make
sure they take you into account as a candidate.
Once your RESUME is ready, you
should contact different recruitments and head-hunters having jobs in
your field available for them to try and place you in a company. They
will earn money from helping you and you may get a good job opportunity. Put them to work
for you. Applying for several agencies is not against law. It
is important to make several recruitments know that you exist, is in Canada,
and want to work!
Also visit the
of Canadian Search, Employment & Staffing Services (ACSESS) for
more information on recruiting agencies in Ontario.
Also consult the
Canadian Recruiters. To contact more than 100 agencies that can help
● SEARCH - SEARCH - SEARCH
preparation PLAN to come to Canada
should be followed both by you and your wife or permanent partner. Canada
is a modern society where women are trained and partake to a great extent
in the development and workforce of the country. Moreover, it is almost
sure that, to achieve the desired life standard, you must count on her
help, even part time. The times when women just stayed at home are over
long ago in Canada.
women alternate between housework and their little children care with
other productive and self-development activities. Even those women who
come from thousand-year-old cultures such as India,
Africa and many Muslim countries have to make dramatic changes on their
arrival to Canada,
and adapt rapidly to the Canadian culture and economy to integrate and
improve their life standard.
To read more information about this topic, we
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